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With Reuben Goossens

Maritime Historian, Author, Lecturer

& Cruise’n’Ship Reviewer

Matson Lines

SS Lurline

The ship that became the Chandris Lines …

RHMS Ellinis

 

Part One

Matson Lines ~ SS Lurline

The elegant and striking SS Lurline is seen in Los Angeles late in the 1950’s

Matson Lines commenced sailing from San Francisco to Australia, due to the takeover of the Oceanic Steamship Company in larger tonnage. In 1871, a number of smaller ships crossed the pacific, until it was decided to build a fleet of 1928 “Mariposa Class Matson decided to build a trio of liners for the Australian service. This series became known as the “Matson Liners”

1 … Mariposa was launched July 18 1931. In 1954 she became the Homes Line cruise ship Homeric. After a major fire in July 1973 she was declared a total loss and was scrapped in Japan in January 1974.

SS Monterey the second liner of the trio

2 … Monterey was also launched in 1931, renamed Matsonia in May 1957, renamed Lurline in 1963. In May 1970, she was sold and became the successful Chandris passenger liner RHMS Britanis. She was sold in 1998, to become the ill-fated Bolofin, which sank 20 October 2000, whilst under tow to the breakers.

3 … Lurline was launched on July 18 1932, and was the only ship to retain her original name until being sold in September 1963 to Chandris Lines to become the subject of this article, RHMS Ellinis.

Dimensions SS Lurline

Built by: Bethlehem Shipyard at Quincy, Mass, USA.

Tonnage: 18,163 GRT.

Length: 192.6 m / 632 ft.

Beam: 24.2 m / 79.4 ft.

Propulsion: Geared Turbines - 28,450 SHP – (21,215.16 kW).

Screws: Twin screws.

Speed: 20 knots, max 22.8 knots.

Passengers: 475 First Class.

240 Tourist Class.

First Class only from 1957.

Crew: 359.

On January 15, 1933, SS Lurline departed New York City at noon for her maiden voyage, a “Circle Pacific Cruise,” bound for Auckland New Zealand, Sydney Australia and Asia. She sailed, via Havana, the Panama Canal, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Hawaii and a host of Pacific Island ports. Having visited Australia and Papua New Guinea she then visited many Asian ports before returning to the San Francisco on April 24, 1933. After her Circle Pacific voyage, she, together with her older sister the Malolo, was placed on the shorter, but popular San Francisco to Honolulu service.

The Lurline arriving in Sydney on her maiden visit in 1933

I hereby wish to thank Mr. Todd M. Curro for providing the correct scheduling information regarding her maiden voyage as his Grandfather Robert worked on her during this voyage and retained a copy of the schedule in his photo book as seen below.

Todd Curro’s Grandfather - Robert Pitts served aboard the Lurline in 1933

Provided by Todd M. Curro

 

Schedule provided by Todd M. Curro

SS Lurline the Trooper

 

The troopship SS Lurline departing Sydney

In 1932, the last of four elegant liners designed by William Francis Gibbs and built for the Matson Lines' Pacific services was launched: the SS Lurline christened on 12 July 1932 in Quincy, Massachusetts by Lurline Matson Roth (who had also christened her father's 1908 steamship Lurline as a young woman of 18). On 12 January 1933, the SS Lurline left New York City bound for San Francisco via the Panama Canal on her maiden voyage, thence to Sydney and the South Seas, returning to San Francisco on 24 April 1933. She then served on the express San Francisco to Honolulu service with her older sister with whom she shared appearance, the Malolo.

Famous aviator Amelia Earhart rode Lurline from Los Angeles to Honolulu with her Lockheed Vega airplane secured on deck during December 22–27, 1934. The voyage prepared her for the record-breaking Honolulu-to-Oakland solo flight she made in January 1935.

Lurline was half-way from Honolulu to San Francisco on 7 December 1941, when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. She made her destination safely, travelling at maximum speed, and soon returned to Hawaii with her Matson sisters Mariposa and Monterey in a convoy laden with troops and supplies.

She spent the war providing similar services, often voyaging to Australia, and once transported Australian Prime Minister John Curtin to America to confer with President Roosevelt.

On December 7, 1941, whilst Lurline was sailing from Honolulu to San Francisco, the Japanese air force bombed Pearl Harbour. She set her engines at maximum speed for San Francisco. However, on December in a convoy with her two of her sisters she returned to Hawaii laden with troops and much needed supplies.

The troops set sail

She proudly continued her wartime service, including visits to Australia. She even transported Prime Minister (Australian) John Curtin to America to meet with President Roosevelt.

She is seen here departing Australia on September 11, 1945 with 3,500 servicemen, as well as 500 war-brides and 200 children

Mid 1946 the Lurline was returned to Matson Lines, and underwent and extensive refit at Alameda, during 1947/48. Estimated costs were close to $US20 million, but all her fittings had been stripped prior to the war and these had to be restored, as well as new improvements needed to be made.

The Lurline is seen here undergoing her refit returning her to her glorious luxury Liner days!

On April 15, 1948, the Lurline resumed her San Francisco to Honolulu service. As prior the war, the Lurline was christened the Pacific Ocean’s top liner. During her career, she was also used a film set for the "Ma and Pa Kettle Go To Hawaii" movie.

In 1950, due to incredible success of Laconia, it was decided to also refit her sister ship, the Monterey, which was renamed Matsonia. From this point, both liners now provided only a first class only service between the States and Hawaii. From time to time, cruises were also undertaken. However, as with ships around the world aircraft became the serious competition and due it caused passenger loadings to fall. Matsonia was laid up in September 1962.

On February 3, 1963 the Lurline arrived in Los Angeles with some engine troubles with her port turbines. Matson decided to place her on the market, the repairs were considered too excessive. With the decline of the Lurline, Matson decided to take the Matsonia out of the mothballs, and characteristically, changed her name to Lurline, as this name was so greatly loved by so many.

The original Lurline was sold to the Greek Chandris Lines a little later in 1963.

Matson Line advertisement

 

Go to Page Two for the RHMS Ellinis

 

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