Please Note: Firefox and some other search engines are not suitable
– Use “Internet Explorer” for this page to load perfectly!
the logo above to reach the ssMaritime FrontPage for News Updates &
“Ship of the Month”
Please Note: All
ssMaritime and my other related ssMaritime sites are 100% non-commercial and
privately owned sites. Be assured that I am NOT associated with any cruise or
shipping companies or travel/cruise agencies or any other organisations! The
author has been in the passenger shipping industry since May 1960 and is now
semi-retired, but continues to write article on classic liners and cruise ships
in order to better to inform cruise and ship enthusiasts for their pleasure!
Cruise‘n’Ship Reviewer & Author
Rijndam II 1951 – 1972 / TSS Maasdam IV 1952 - 1968
Note: At this time, this
feature is incomplete and unedited.
Early 1949, NASM -
Holland America Line (HAL), ordered two freighters, the Dinteldijk
and Diemerdijk. On December 17, 1949 Dinteldijk was laid down at Schiedam
as Yard #733. Whilst construction was underway, Holland America Line’s
Director Mr. Willem H. de Monchy decided to redesign
both ships into medium sized passenger liners. Dinteldijk
was launched as the Rijndam one year later, on
December 19, 1950, whereas Maasdam was launched on April 5, 1952.
Launching of the Rijndam
Holland America Line had announced that these new
sisters would introduce company’s new livery, with the hull painted dove
grey and a white superstructure. Her fitting-out was well ahead of schedule and
in May 1951 it was decided to put forward her maiden voyage to July 16, instead
of August 16. After her trials in the English Channel,
Rijndam was officially
handed over to Holland America Line on July 10, 1951. Six days latter she
departed Rotterdam bound for New
York, sailing via Le Havre and Southampton.
Rijndam arrives in New York City
on her Maiden voyage
Maasdam was handed over to HAL on August 10, 1952.
Like her sister she was delivered early and departed for her maiden voyage more
than a month earlier than planned. She departed on her maiden voyage from Rotterdam on August 11, to New York,
sailing via Le Havre and Southampton calling at Montreal on the 20th. She
continued to New York via the Cape Cod Canal; being one of the largest ships to transit
the waterway. Maasdam arrived in New
York on August 27th.
and Rijndam at the Holland America Pier in New York
Designed as freighter’s the machinery planned
for them remained, these comprised of two cross-compound General Electric steam
turbines, which we built in 1945. They developed 8,500shp double-reduction
geared to a single screw. Service speed was slow compared with other ships
sailing at jus 16.5 knots, the crossing from Britain to New York
took eight days, however the daily fuel consumption
was just 53 tons, making these ships exceptionally economic to operate.
Maasdam, one of the successful “Economy
Although built with a
two-class layout, TSS
Rijndam and Maasdam were
revolutionary ships for their day, as they were essentially built as Tourist
class liners. Tourist Class passengers basically had the run of the ship,
except Boat Deck, what was known as the “Exclusive First Class Penthouse
section” of the ship.
First Class offered
fifteen twin bedded cabins, some with an upper Pullman, accommodating a maximum 39 passengers.
All cabins had had private facilities, and a large window. Located forward on
Boat Deck was the Main Lounge. On both sides of the Lounge was a partial glass
enclosed promenade deck, followed by spacious open decks on both sides of the
ship. Located aft was the opulent Verandah Café. Two decks up, on Sun Deck,
just aft of the unique “slim-line” funnel was the spacious First
Class Sports Deck.
Maasdam – This First Class Bar was added in
Deck - First Class Sports Deck – Note the slender aero-dynamic funnel
All Tourist Class
public rooms were located on Promenade Deck. The delightful Palm Court was located forward. This
large room was decorated in light woods, masses of
bamboo and greenery. Directly aft was the main lobby and stairwell, which led
to the Card Room and Library, and the delightful American Bar. The Smoking Room
located aft. The Dining Room was located amidships on 'A' Deck. Although the
decor was attractive, the innovation of the décor was it gave this room a
Maasdam's Main Lounge
her friendly Palm Court
had a rather more floral style Palm Court
Tourist passengers were accommodated in smart single-berth, two-berth triples,
and four-berth cabins. Many British and American passengers commented,
“Everything is so Dutch; neat, pleasant and practical.” 893
passengers were taken care of by 228 stewards.
“Economy Twins,” operated between Rotterdam,
Le Havre, Southampton
(with occasional calls to Cobh), en route to New York,
as well as occasional cruises in the Caribbean.
Over the first years they managed 85% occupancy on Atlantic voyages, and an
incredible 98% on cruises.
Maasdam seen bedecked with flags during a Cruise
Rijndam and Maasdam developed a 'Friendly Ship'
reputation, making them appealing to students, emigrants, and cultural groups.
First Class attracted the elite, who enjoyed sitting high above Tourist Class,
in their Penthouse style accommodations. We may call this the “snob
effect.” The appeal of these ships was emulated by the 24,300 GRT, 1957
built Statendam, which also carried a small number of First Class passengers.
had a number of altercations with other ships, such as, on December 10, 1952,
just four months after her maiden voyage, Maasdam collided with and sank the
268-ton German tanker Ellen, whilst
sailing in fog in the canal that links Rotterdam
to Hook of Holland. Six of tanker's crew were
lost, although the Maasdam was undamaged. Two years later, whilst sailing
eastbound on October 3, 1954, she struck the freighter Tofevo
in thick fog off Rhode Island.
Maasdam's bow was damaged, and both ships returned to
New York. In
the mid-fifties a ship hit the Holland America wharf, damaging Maasdam’s bow above the waterline.
we see one of Maasdam’s mishaps
One of the main
problems with both ships was the freighter hull design, which meant that in a
little, or rough weather, they would pitch and roll, causing some discomfort to
say the least. Thus, in 1955 the Maasdam was fitted with Denny Brown stabilizer
fins, with the Rijndam following one year later.
In 1961 both ships
had a number of amidships twenty four Tourist Class cabins on Main Deck rebuilt
and were fitted with private facilities, reducing Tourist capacity to 822
berths. In addition the First Class Lounge was extended, adding a delightful
Bar located in an alcove on the starboard side.
By 1964, passenger
numbers declined, thus Holland America
embarked on a series of changes for 'The Economy Twins'. At that time the Round
the World service to Australia and New Zealand, operated by the Dutch Mail
ships (Royal Rotterdam Lloyd – Nederland Line), Willem Ruys and Oranje
was withdrawn. Holland America decided
to operate a one-class service during the European winter months. The Rijndam was the first to undertake this voyage, departing
from Rotterdam on November 7, 1964, sailing via Southampton,
Suez, Fremantle, Melbourne, Sydney, Wellington,
returning to Rotterdam on January 30, 1965,
having sailed via the Pacific coast and the Panama Canal.
This extended voyage visiting many ports in both directions was met with some
success, thus, the next year, on October 20, 1965, Maasdam departed Rotterdam,
sailing via Southampton, Port Said, Colombo, Fremantle –Melbourne,
Sydney, Wellington, Papeete, Los Angeles, Acapulco,
Balboa, Cristobal, Kingston, New York, Cobh, Southampton to Rotterdam.
Rijndam and Maasdam were
suitable small liners for the around the world service
With the success of
these voyages, Holland America decided to refit the Rijndam
Lloyd Werft in Bremerhaven,
arriving there on December 3, 1965, for a two month
refit. A 280 seat cinema-theatre added on D Deck in
what was originally the forward hold, a launderette. Public rooms received some
refurbishments, including a new bar in the Lounge. On February 6, 1966, she
on which sadly became her last world voyage. However, Maasdam continued the
service for another two more years.
Early 1966 Holland America
decided to transfer the Rijndam to their German flag
subsidiary the “Europa-Kanada Linie,” for the Canada service. However, Rijndam operated her last voyage to Montreal was on August 20, 1966.
Rijndam showing her Europa-Canada
She was re-registered
in Bremen and
her yellow funnel was given a green band with large white diamonds. Her new
role was to be a low cost student voyages. The crew was replaced by the lower
salaried German crew. Rijndam departed on her first
student voyage from Bremerhaven to New York on 8th October.
On October 20, she sailed on her first round-the-world student cruise, which
was under charter by the Chapman College of Orange, California. She operated a
one-class service with buffet style, self-service in the dining room. Between
her extended 'floating university' cruises, she made Atlantic crossings for
various student organisations. The Maasdam was also transferred to this service
in October, 1966.
Rijndam’s career under the German flag was
short-lived as Holland America was not
satisfied with the new management situation, as well as some damage incurred to
a boiler, and low profits. On August 28, 1967 she was transferred to another
affiliated company, the Dutch flag “ Trans-Ocean.”
Like Europa-Canada, Trans-Ocean specialised in student and migrant traffic with
three austere Dutch migrant ships Zuiderkruis, Waterman and Groote
Beer. She departed Bremerhaven
on September 29, 1967, arriving in New
York on October 9. She now was given the
Trans-Ocean's narrow red-white-blue funnel bands and was manned by Dutch
officers and crew once again. She continued undetook
College world cruise on
Waterman seen here with the Trans-Ocean funnel
On 24th May 1968,
fitting in with the previous ships operating for Trans-Ocean she was renamed
Waterman, departing New York the next day on
the first of seven voyages to Southampton and Rotterdam. However, Holland
once again took control of Rijndam on October 10, and
reverted to her original name and livery, but she continued her student cruises.
1973, she was sold to a Panamanian subsidiary of a Greek shipping interest and
radically rebuilt with her bow line changed as well as many internal changes,
and massive alterations to her superstructure. This was done to give her a
ultra modern look for the day, what could be called a 1970's design and was
renamed SS Atlas. However, in 1988 she was sold to Casino Company and she
commenced short cruises in the Gulf
of Mexico under the name Pride of Mississippi, but in 1991 was renamed once again as the Pride of Galveston.
TSS Rijndam is seen here after her
radical rebuilding to become the SS
The Atlas is seen here at Southampton in mid 1970s
Casino Ship SS Pride of Mississippi
is seen here around 1989
1993, it was decided to have her permanently berthed at Biloxi, Mississippi and she was renamed
- Copa Casino. Sadly she was neglected in so many
ways externally. For all the glitz and glamour was o0nly on the inside. Slowly
they continually added more and more structures atop of the ship, making her hiddeous to look at at externally
and she became an eyesore, and eventually it was the port authorities as well
as her owners who had to make a decision that she had to go. Her owners decided
that she would be unsalable to private investors and thus it would be best to
have her scrapped.
Copa Casino at Biloxi, Mississippi
tragic looking Copa, ex TSS
Rijndam seen under tow
to Alang, or better still, her watery grave
was sold to Indian breakers at Alang in
2003. However, whilst under tow to Alang India
she took on water and sadly sunk. There were some in the bussiness
at the time who said, “How convenient!” Personally I would not like
to comment, I just quote the news of the day!
the TSS Rijndam!
America Line promotional photograph of the TSS
Above and below:
Cabin key – Main Deck Cabin 211
Provided by Bibb Edwards USA
Maasdam's final world voyage was from January 7 to
April 3, 1968. Upon her return to Rotterdam she
was placed on the Canada
service. On May 15 a shock announcement was made that Maasdam had been sold to
“Polish Ocean Lines,” and she would be handed over at the
completion of her Canada
service. On September 20 MAASDAM departed Montreal on her last Atlantic crossing under Holland America’s Dutch
colours, and she was paid-off at Rotterdam
on September 29, 1968. Soon she headed for Gdansk in Poland
where she had a comprehensive refit and headed into a new and a successful
career as the Stefan
Maasdam seen here in her new guise as the Polish
liner, SS Stefan Batory
our ssMaritime Main INDEX
Where you will
discover well over 600 classic liners!
ssMaritime.com & ssMaritime.net
the ships of the past make history & the 1914 built MV
“Save The Classic Liners Campaign”
Note: ssmaritime and associated sites are 100%
non-commercial and the author seeks no funding or
favours of any shape or form, never have and never will!
on ssmaritime and associate pages are by the author or
from the author’s private collection. In addition there are some images
that have been provided by Shipping Companies and private photographers or
collectors. Credit is given to all contributors. However, there are some
photographs provided to me without details regarding the photographer/owner
concerned. I hereby invite if owners of these images would be so kind to make
them-selves known to me (my email address may be found on www.ssmaritime.com only), in order that due credit may be
notice covers all pages, although, and I have done my best to ensure that all photographs
are duly credited and that this notice is displaced on each page, that is, when
a page is updated!
ssMaritime is owned & © Copyright by Reuben Goossens - All Rights Reserved