Matson Lines 1928 SS Malolo - 1938 SS Matsonia - 1948 Home Lines SS Atlantic - 1955 Chandris Lines RHMS Queen Frederica

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With Reuben Goossens

Maritime Historian, Cruise‘n’Ship Reviewer, Author & Maritime Lecturer

Please Note: All ssMaritime and other related maritime/cruise sites are 100% non-commercial and privately owned. Be assured that I am NOT associated with any shipping or cruise companies or any travel/cruise agencies or any other organisations! Although the author has been in the passenger shipping industry since 1960, although is now retired but having completed over 700 Classic Liners and Cargo-Passengers Ships features I trust these will continue to provide classic ship enthusiasts the information the are seeking, but above all a great deal of pleasure! Reuben Goossens.


SS Malolo first visited Australia in October of 1929 - She later became the much loved Chandris Liner Queen Frederica


Please Note: Photographs and images on this page are from the author’s collection unless otherwise stated.

SS Malolo:

The Matson liner SS Malolo was built by W. Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia in 1926. She was the first of a number of ships designed by William Francis Gibbs for Matson Line. SS Malolo was launched on June 26, 1926. Completed in May 1927, she departed on the 24th.for her sea trails. However the next day, whilst experiencing thick fog, she was located near the Nantucket Lightship a Norwegian vessel, SS Jacob Christensen collided with Malolo causing her to suffer substantial damage, with some 7,000-tons of water flooding her engine room. However, due to her advanced design and a high standard of safety features, such as having a double bottom and watertight bulkheads, she was kept afloat and was towed to New York where she entered dry-dock and was repaired and completed.

Finally she was completed and delivered to Matson Lines in October 1927, and on November 16, the ship with the reddish brown hull departed San Francisco for her maiden voyage to Honolulu.

When built the Malolo was the largest and the most technically advanced liner of her time, and she was considered the most luxurious liner to have been built in the United States.

As the Malolo departed Honolulu during her maiden return voyage, Matson initiated the custom of passengers throwing their leis into the sea as the ship passed Diamond Head. The lei floating away would signify that the passenger would return again to the shores of Hawaii in the future.

Here we see the just completed SS Malolo

This luxury liner accommodated 457 First Class & 163 Cabin Class passengers in the ultimate comfort and style. Although not a large ship, she was spacious considering the passenger ratio. Public rooms in both classes were elegant with walls lined with fine timbers combined with subdued colours and luxuriously furnished. Malolo would be one of the first liners to have an indoor swimming pool, which became a popular and much spoken of feature of the ship. Accommodations were mostly outside, with just a few inside cabins. The vast majority had private facilities.

The First Class Main Lounge was a bright and certainly a most spacious room! Besides being beautifully furnished and carpeted, its walls were painted in beige tones with fireplaces and huge bay windows at both sides. The ceilings were given the feel of added height by a central dome as well as what appeared to be domes on both sides of the lounge, but were in fact more like deep frames, which was a very clever idea and it worked well!

The Smoking Room on the other hand was a very different story altogether as it was very much more a traditional style of venue and it had that rather British feel. Beautifully timber clad walls as well as an elegant fireplace with a mantle clock above. Once again it featured a central domed ceiling above with a timber feature and grand pillars dividing the room into sections. However, the furnishings are more casual with sofas and lounge chairs having light coloured floral patterned upholstery, tables with chequered tablecloths, and quaint timber chairs. Along all the walls there were wall light fittings that were delightful, as well as the ceiling lighting. And as is so typical of all Matson ships palms featured in all public venues!

Obviously the Main Restaurant is always one of the finest and highest venues of the First Class, as it tends to be on most Liners, and the Malolo would certainly not disappoint! The Restaurant was spacious, and it looked even more so, due to the heart of the venue was two decks high, with its grand dome featuring a superb light fitting in the middle as well as a large mural on one end and a bandstand at the other. The all-marble black and white/grey floor looked rather spectacular, combined with the fine and elegant dark timber chairs. You can just imagine the superbly set tables with the best silver and fine porcelain and crystal glasses ready for a sublime evening meal!

Externally the Malolo was what we might consider an average looking ship, having the traditional Matson reddish brown hull, white superstructure, with two masts, two tall yellow, black topped funnels with the traditional “M” Matson logos on them. However, what was extraordinary was that her lifeboats were slung low on her superstructure, something that would be changed 10 years later when she was greatly modernised.

The all White SS Malolo:

With the arrival of three new liners, the Mariposa, Monterey and Lurline, all having a tropical all white livery, it was decided in 1939 to make the Malolo also more suited for the tropics for she had already operated Circle Pacific Voyages to Asia and Australia in 1929 and this was repeated the next year due to the great success of the voyage. But now she received a minor refit and was painted all white she looked a much better ship.

The Malolo is seen undergoing her “tropification” and will soon be an all white ship with plain yellow funnels with the blue “M” for Matson!


Here we see the Malolo in her new all white livery and she is ready for her ongoing role cruising the Pacific as well as Asia and Australia

Although the Malolo continued her West Coast to Hawaii service she would undertake her annual extended voyages departing San Francisco and heading across the Pacific visiting Japan, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand then down to Australia, visiting Fremantle (Perth), Melbourne and Sydney. She then crossed the Tasman Sea to Auckland New Zealand, she then return to San Francisco via Fiji, American Samoa and Hawaii

Here we see SS Malolo in Sydney during her Annual 1931 Circle Pacific Voyage

The menu shown below came from the estate of the famed silent screen star Billie Dove, whom apparently sailed to Hawaii with her husband Bob Kenestan. These menus are part of Paul Melzer’s collection and he kindly emailed these to me.

From the Paul Melzer’s collection 


From the Paul Melzer’s collection


From the Paul Melzer’s collection


Specifications - SS Malolo as built in 1927 & rebuilt SS Matsonia 1937:

Built by:                      W. Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia 1927.

Yard #:                        509.

Tonnage:                     17,232 GRT / 1937: 17,226 GRT.

Length:                        582ft - 177.3m.

Width:                         83ft - 25.4m.

Engines:                      Steam; Geared Turbines by the builders – 25,000 SHP.

Screws:                       Twin.

Service peed:               21 knots.

Passengers:                  457 First Class & 163 Cabin Class.

                                  1937: 693 First Class only.

SS Matsonia:

With the departure of an earlier Matson liner, the Matsonia, in 1937 Matson Lines decided to substantially rebuild the Malolo and rename her Matsonia. The work undertaken would greatly alter her overall appearance, as her life boats were relocated two decks higher. The deck where the lifeboats had been was fully enclosed, providing additional cabins including a number of the famed Matson “Lanai Suites.” The new boat deck included a much sought after promenade, popular in the warmer climates. In addition her older accommodations were vastly improved. Upon completion she looked stunning and had the appearance of a much larger ship, although she now registered at 17,226 GRT. SS Matsonia looking much like a new ship continued to sail between San Francisco and Honolulu until 1941.

A postcard of the SS Matsonia released just after her 1937 rebuilding

On November 21, 1941, Matsonia was requisitioned by US Navy to be deployed as a troop transport ship. She received a hurried transformation in order to transport up to 3,000 troops and departed San Francisco on December 5 bound for the Philippines with troops. However, due to the attack on Pearl Harbour Matsonia was turned back “and zigzagged home to San Francisco” according Sam Fox who was on board. There she was loaded with weaponry and other needs for the war zone, as well as some 3,280 troops.

The USS Matsonia is seen here ready to depart from San Francisco in 1943

Source: U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph – NH 89859

She departed San Francisco once again with her hurried refit as a trooper being completed on December 16, 1941 and headed for Honolulu in convoy that included her two newer sisters, the Monterey and the Lurline. For the duration of the war she transported troops around the Pacific and also made a good number of calls to Australia.

Stories of those who sailed during the War years:

A Voyage to Brisbane Australia:

Mr. W. F. Beseler wrote me and told me his story:

“I sailed on the Matsonia on my last trip as a USMMCC Cadet to and from Brisbane Australia with some retuning servicemen and also some war brides. She was a vast change from my previous ship, the Grace Line Santa Elisa, but comparing the two would be apples and rice! Capt. Frank Johnson was the master, and a gentleman by the name of Borthen was chief officer, and a Schurz (sp) was first mate.

I was told that the Hawaiians were snubbed by the name “Malolo” meaning “flying Fish” and had put a curse on her resulting in the mishap and the loss of some of her fantail, I do not know if this tale is true!

Later on they had lifted her lifeboats up on “Lanai (Boat) Deck,” which some claim gave her a little less stability in weather and some dubbed her “rollolo.” I can attest to her roll, she took a pretty good roll and then just momentarily hung there; it seemed like a long time! Cadets did not have a lot to do on Matsonia, polishing brass and the like. On 12 to 4 watch my job was to wind all the bulkhead clocks, and then one of the cooks, who had been a pastry chef in one of the big hotels, would make me a sumptuous breakfast!

We stopped at Pago Pago on both tracks to Brisbane, all went ashore for souvenirs. On the return we ran into a bad storm in the trough you could just see the next wave at eye level, too young and dumb to be scared! A stevedore strike in San Francisco made us detour to Seattle, so we journeyed up the Strait of Juan de Fuca, I'm not sure that we had a pilot, but Capt. Johnson had good control of her, and we spent about a month there. Since the war was over, some of us cadets decided to call sea life a day and left her at that time. She was a great ship and especially good food always. Excellent officers! W. F. Beseler.”

Tony Prince was just six years old when he sailed on the Matsonia from San Francisco departing on October 6, 1945, arriving in Brisbane Australia on October 22. He said;

“I was on this voyage with my father to join family in Australia. I understand it was not a scheduled voyage however I have a copy of the passenger list to substantiate it. I well remember sailors tossing ammunition overboard during the trip. Gun tubs were still in place along the decks and the ship still wore her wartime grey colour scheme. After all, the Pacific War had only been over for a very short time and she was still under US Navy command.”

In 1946, she was decommissioned and it is estimated that she transported over 176,000 persons that is troops, war brides as well as other civilians.

Returned to Matson and a Refit:

The Matsonia was returned to Matson in April 1946 and was given a massive refit returning her to her old beautiful self in order that she could resume her passenger services. She departed San Francisco on May 22, 1946 and remained on the Hawaii service at first.

Here is another fine photo of the Matsonia whilst at sea

Marshall Earl Wilcox and his wife Gladys Olivia boarded the SS Matsonia in December 1946 for a cruise, which according to their daughter Dawn was greatly enjoyed. From the cruise they collected a series of superb menus that survive to this day and we are pleased to present scans that their daughter Dawn Sandner has kindly sent me.

Below: Four superb menu covers from Mr & Mrs Wilcox’s cruise on the Matsonia in 1946

This set of images was kindly provided to us by Dawn Sandner (USA), daughter of Mr & Mrs Wilcox



As you can see from all four covers, the colours are vivid and the artwork is superb!



A View of the interior of one of the menus

I received an email in 2016 fro Mt. David Stroup, regarding his two Aunts’ who undertook a cruise on the delightful SS Matsonia from Honolulu, to San Francisco to Los Angeles in June 1947. He was kind enough to send the cover of one of the menus he has as it was not shown on this feature of the ship.

Matson Line was famed for their amazingly beautiful colourful Polynesian Artwork on their Menu covers!

This fine Menu cover image was kindly provided by Mr. David Stroup 


A postcard of the Matsonia seen berthed at Pier 10 at Honolulu around 1946/47

Finally the Matsonia was laid up to be sold in April 1948, and another Matsonia, the ex Lurline, Monterey that had been built in 1932 would continue the name and service but later in 1956. That particular ship would later become the Greek Chandris liner HMS Britanis.

SS Atlantic:

Soon Matsonia was sold to the Mediterranean Line, being the Panamanian flagged subsidiary of famed Home Lines and she was given the name Atlantic. She was sent to the Ansaldo shipyards in Genoa to be refitted.

She is seen here as the Home Lines - SS Atlantic

When completed she was registered at 15,602 GRT and now accommodated 283 First Class, 224 Cabin Class and 735 Tourist Class passengers. Except for the additional lifeboats and the Home Line logo on her funnels, externally she was basically unaltered.

Here is a fine view of the Home Lines Atlantic stern

SS Atlantic Departed Genoa on May 14, 1949, on her maiden voyage to New York, sailing via Naples and Barcelona. She continued this service until 1952 when she commenced on the Southampton, Canada service sailing via Le Havre. During the winter months, like so many other ships, she operated cruises from New York to the Caribbean. She continued with Home Lines until 1955.

RHMS Queen Frederica:

Renamed Vasilissa Friederiki she was now part of the National Hellenic American Line fleet

This photograph was taken prior to her refit

On December 23, 1954 the Atlantic was transferred to the recently formed National Hellenic American Line, being a subsidiary of Home Lines and she was renamed SS Vasilissa Friederiki, being Greek for Queen Frederica. However, only the English version of the name was ever used on her bow, with the Greek lettering appearing on her stern. During a minor refit her new accommodations were now as follows: 132 First Class, 116 Cabin Class as well as 931 Tourist Class passengers. When completed, she departed Piraeus on January 29, 1955 for bound for Naples, Palermo, Halifax and New York and remained on this service with minor variations.

Towards the end of 1960, she received a more extensive refit, which saw her glazed lower Promenade Deck being completely plated in making room for additional cabins. In addition her superstructure was extended further aft. When completed she was registered at 21,239 GRT, accommodating 174 First and 1,005 Tourist Class passengers.

The Queen Frederica is seen after her refit in Piraeus 1961

From early 1961 she commenced her service from Cuxhaven Germany, Southampton, Le Havre, Plymouth to Halifax Canada and return. Although later that year it would change back to more inclusive service from Piraeus to New York, as I was told by the Deck Hand below.

A newly produced postcard of the Chandris Lines RHMS Queen Frederica after her first refit

Canadian John Tee sailed on the Queen Frederica as a deck hand from November 1961 through to March 1962. He told me that “they sailed the usual Piraeus, Naples, Messina, Palermo, Gibraltar, Halifax, New York and returning to Piraeus, whilst in February 1962 we operated four round voyages NY, New York, Nassau, Bahamas and return.” Thereafter she commenced and remained on the Cuxhaven, Canada service until November 1965.

Chandris Lines:

In November 1965 she was sold to Dimitri Chandris Piraeus or Chandris Lines, but was registered for Themistocles Nav, S.A. The Queen Frederica would now featured the much loved traditional Chandris blue and black topped funnel with a large white -X- - being Greek for CH. RHMS Queen Frederica departed Piraeus on December 10, 1961 bound for Australia.

The graceful RHMS Queen Frederica is seen departing Sydney

Upon her return to Greece, instead of continuing on the Australia service Chandris decided to place her on the Piraeus to New York service, and operating cruises during the winter months from New York, but it would not be until 1966 the “Queen Fred” would return to Australia!

1966 Sailing schedule & Deck Plan

In December 2015 I received two images from a Mr. Craig Hart whose Father had enjoyed a cruise to New Zealand from Melbourne on the delightful RHMS Queen Frederica in 1966. The first one contains a host of brochures, postcard of the ship and other paper items retained from the voyage, whilst the second image has a partial Deck Plan. I am sure for all those who have sailed on her, or with Chandris at some stage, these will be very familiar!


Above and below: A selection of R.H.M.S. Queen Frederica Memorabilia & Deck Plan


A large size 3,000 pixels wide version of the plan is online - to reach it just click the image above or HERE.

When the Deck Plan opens, it will reduce in size, just click on it to expand!

Queen Frederica departed Southampton October 22, 1966 and headed for Australia arriving in November, having arrived she continued to make a number of cruises before she returned to Europe from where she cruise to America and the Caribbean. These cruises proved to be popular and they were repeated in 1968!


The Queen Frederica is seen whilst on a cruise in Boston


Queen Frederica is seen here berthed in Fremantle (Perth) in 1967

However during the Southern Hemisphere summer months she returned to Australia and New Zealand in 1967, and again in 1968 as her cruises continued to prove to be popular, but sadly she departed Australian waters for the very last time in March 1969.

The ship became so loved in Australia and New Zealand she became lovingly known as the, “Queen Fred”

Sovereign Cruises:

Upon her return to Europe late April 1969, she operated cruises around the Mediterranean.  However, in June an U.K. organisation named Sovereign Cruises signed a contract to operate a yearlong series of Mediterranean cruises to commence in September that year, which would conclude September 1971.

A postcard of her under Sovereign Cruises livery

At the conclusion of the charter on September 22, Chandris with much regret decided that the faithful old liner would be laid up on the River Dart. Then in June 1972 the Queen Frederica sailed under her own power to Piraeus where she was again laid up, but then it was suddenly decided to give her yet another refit, she was chartered by Blue Seas Cruises who operated her for another popular series of Mediterranean cruises out of Palma de Mallorca during the warmer months from April trough to November 1973. However, the conclusion of this charter she was again laid up at Piraeus as now there was little to no work available for once great old liner, and she remained there until 1977.

Still looking splendid, the old girl the Queen Frederica is seen here in lay up

Finally fifty years after being delivered to Matson Line the superb ex SS Malolo, SS Matsonia, SS Atlantic and RHMS Queen Frederica was sold to Greek breakers in July 1977 and because she had been shut down some years earlier, thus having been a “dead ship” she had to be towed to the Eleusis breaker yards. During the breaking up process in February 1978, whilst her interiors were being demolished due to a spark from a workers torch she was totally gutted by fire and obviously all work was halted. Three years later her ravaged hull could still be seen amongst the other ships at the breakers yard.

In conclusion:

This superb ship that had served under various flags, yet she was the perfect example of great American ship building design, engineering, and she revealed the optimal quality of American shipbuilding. A class of shipbuilding that concluded in the United States when the great SS United States was completed, but sadly it soon ended, as it has in Great Britain, for now shipbuilding has gone offshore to European builders, Germany, France, Scandinavia and Italy! But, to this day the Great SS United States thankfully survives, as does the ex Holland America Lines SS Rotterdam, which is now located back in her homeport Rotterdam Holland as a fine Hotel!

This was one of the Fine Liners, as well as a Great Cruise Ship and she is Worthy to be Remembered!

The delightful Matson SS Malolo, Matsonia: Home Lines Atlantic and Chandris Queen Frederica



“Blue Water Liners sailing to the distant shores.
I watched them come, I watched them go and I watched them die.”



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