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With Reuben Goossens

Maritime Historian

 

Orient Line

RMS Orion

 

A fine view of a fine ship 

RMS Orion (later the SS Orion) is still considered to be one of the most famous ships on the Australian immigrant run, as she introduced a new standard in ocean travel. Orion was the first British liner with air conditioning in all her public rooms. Built by Vickers-Armstrong in Barrow, Furness, England, she was launched on December 7, 1934 and completed in August 1935.

However her launching stands apart in British maritime history, for was an event, which no British ship had ever experienced.  RMS Orion was launched by remote control via wireless all the way from Brisbane Australia. The Duke of Gloucester, whilst he was Downunder, officiated and pressed a button that transmitted a radio signal to Barrow where the launching took place. The idea was actually copied from the launching of a Holland-Africa liner when radio waves were used for the first time. Due to this launch, she immediately has a special affiliation with Australia.

Specifications:

Tonnage:                          23,371 GRT (gross registered tonnes)

Length:                            665ft (202.7m)

Beam:                              82ft (25.6m)

Draught:                           30ft (9.1m)

Engines:                           Six Parsons SRG Steam Turbines (24,100 SHP)

Screws:                            Two

Service speed:                   21 knots.

Passenger Decks:               Seven

Passengers:                      708 Cabin Class, 700 Tourist Class. Later 1,691 One Class (Tourist)

Crew:                               466, later 565

When built, Orion was the largest Orient liner and as can be seen above, she was originally built as a two class ship. By 1961, she was converted to a one class liner. Orion was the first Orient liner to be painted in that much loved Orient Line livery with a corn coloured hull. She paved the way for all Orient / P&O liners that succeeded her.

Her interiors had an extensive use of chromium and bakelite, which set her apart from all previous Orient liners. The reason for the use of these surfaces was that these materials offered resistance to the effects of the sea air. Her décor was certainly original for the time.

 

 Orion - full steam ahead at sea

Photograph taken by & © Alan Judge (UK)

When delivered to Orient Lines in August 1935, she undertook several short cruises from London. Then on September 28, she departed Tilbury for her maiden voyage to Australia. Until the war broke out in 1939, Orion operated main line voyages to Australia with occasional cruises from the UK.

She was acquired by the British government as a trooper seeing her sail to Egypt and Wellington, New Zealand where she took on troops for Europe. She left Wellington on January 6, 1940 and joined with other ships in convoy for Sydney Australia to rendezvous with her sister ship Orcades. The convoy then left Australia for Egypt.

--Seen as a troopship ready to depart

The Orion departed Liverpool on August 15, 1941 as part of a convoy (WS10X) carrying Australian troops from the UK back to Singapore sailing via Freetown, where they arrived on August 28 and departed again on September 1. However, as Orion was sailing directly astern of the HMS Revenge in the South Atlantic apparently the steering gear onboard the HMS Revenge malfunctioned and Orion being unable to come to a full stop quickly rammed the Revenge. The impact caused considerable damage to Orion’s bow, but although badly damaged she managed to continue to Cape Town with this convoy and upon arrival temporary repairs were mad. In October she departed and joined a new convoy bound for Bombay (WS11X). Although Orion continued her voyage to Singapore where she remained for 55 days in dry-dock for her repairs to be completed. Some believe that the Orion was bound for Egypt, but this was never the case, she only joined the first convoy for safety sake and was always due to sail as far as Cape Town and then she joined another convoy sailing across the Indian Ocean and then continued to Singapore.

It was about this time the Japanese were closing in on Singapore and thus Orion was again enlisted, but this time it was to evacuate civilians to the safety of Australia. She remained an essential troop carrier during the war years doing all that was required of her. In October 1942 she was one of many acquired liners which participated in “Operation Torch” and made two trips to North Africa carrying over 5,000 troops each time. In 1943 her troop carrying capacity was increased to 7,000 which, along with other vessels such as USS West Point (SS America) played a huge role in the positioning of the Western Allied Forces. Her role as a troop carrier tapered off in the Pacific there after, but she continued moving troops some 5,000 per voyage. When she was finally released from active duties, Orion had carried over 175,000 soldiers and civilians and according to her log, she steamed over 380,000 miles.

Orion was returned to the shipyard at Barrow on May 1, 1946, where she received a complete refit, which took almost a year, but this included a redesign of all passenger accommodation. At completion she could now carry 546 First Class and 706 in Tourist.

 Orion in port

She finally departed from Tilbury on February 25, 1947 for Australia. Beside her main line voyages she also made three cruises to the West coast of America. In 1958 she received another change to accommodations and now accommodated 342 Cabin Class and 722 Tourist Class Six years later she became an all one class ship and accommodating 1,691 passengers. Around the same time passenger numbers were rapidly declining on line voyages and P&O decided to retire her in 1963.  

For her final voyage to Australia, she departed Tilbury on February 28, 1963, sailing via the Suez for Sydney. With great fanfare, she departed Sydney with great fanfare on April 8 and set sail for Fremantle via Melbourne. Flying an 85 foot paying-off pennant from her mast she departed Fremantle and Australia on April 15. SS Orion arrived at Tilbury on May 15, 1963 with her future unsure.

Seen as a floating hotel in Hamburg

She was chartered for four months as a floating hotel at the “International Horticultural Exhibition in Hamburg, where she arrived on May 23, 1963. She offered accommodation for 1150 guests. At the conclusion of the exhibition on September 30, she darted the next day she for Antwerp where she was broken up by the Jos Boel et Fils scrap yard.

Orion casting off for another voyage

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Orion Index

 

Orion Index

 

RMS Orion                                          Orion Mainpage

Photo Album                                     Interior and exterior photos of the Orion

Passenger Contribution - 1            Ben Zuber heads for Australia

Passenger Contribution - 2            Jack Abbott - a Soldiers Tale - “Orion Oracle” No 20

Passenger Contribution - 3            Jack Abbott - a Soldiers Tale - “Orion Oracle” No 29

Passenger Contribution - 4         William Rishton

Passenger Contribution - 5            Anne Lee

Orient Line – A Fleet History

Is available for £23.50 plus p&p from “Ships in Focus”

email: sales@shipsinfocus.co.uk

 

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Also Visit our Features on the following Orient Lines/P&O Ships

Orient Lines: RMS OrcadesSS Oronsay - SS Oriana - RMS Orion

P&O: RMS Strathaird SS Iberia - SS Canberra

 

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Commenced in the passenger Shipping Industry in May 1960  

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